Exports to the machine tool industry have been under pressure since 2009. According to the statistics of the China Machine Tool Industry Association, the export delivery value of the whole industry in the first five months of 2009 decreased by 35.9% compared with the same period of last year. Among them, a number of export-oriented enterprises have seen their exports fall by 50%-90% year-on-year, and the decline has been maintained at double digits since the beginning of the year.
A sharp increase in export pressure
According to the survey, according to the survey, the reasons for the blocked export of products are related to three aspects: First, the market demand in North America, Europe and Japan, which accounts for 40% of China's exports, has shrunk dramatically, resulting in a serious decline in exports; Due to changes in exchange rates, rising raw materials and labor costs, and increased difficulty in financing, the export profits of ordinary machine tools and low-end tool products have decreased, and some export products have fallen into losses. Third, trade protectionism has risen. The influx of overseas products has been intensified, and the difficulty of domestic products entering the foreign market has increased.
Specifically, first of all, industry exports have declined several times. The severe export situation of the machine tool industry this year is reflected in the monthly export data. From September 2008 to March 2009, the industry's export has a negative cycle ratio of 4 months. Moreover, from the value of exports in March 2009, it is still far from reaching the export quota in September 2008. Although the most difficult period has passed, it will take some time to return to the previous situation.
Second, the decline in exports is far greater than the decline in imports. In the data of import and export, the extent of imports and exports is double. But in comparison, the decline in imports is only in the single digits, while the decline in exports has been double-digit. And from last year's positive growth to this year's negative growth, the gap spans 50%, the decline in exports can be seen.
In the entire machinery industry, the export of the machine tool industry has also declined. The export value of the machinery industry from January to May this year fell by 23.4% year-on-year. Although the average export decline is equivalent to the whole industry, from the perspective of individual industries, the export value of the machine tool industry is still one of the sub-sectors with a large decline.
Some export-oriented machine tool companies have reported that the decline in exports affected by the crisis once reached more than 70%. For example, more than 60% of the abrasive abrasive enterprises relying on exports, from January to April 2009, the artificial corundum exports a total of 30,000 tons, silicon carbide exports 27,000 tons, down 80% to 90%, the company's operating rate is only 10 %, 90% of the furnaces in the industry are in a down state. It can be said that abrasive enterprises are deeply affected by the financial crisis, and some enterprises have even experienced layoffs. Fu Depu, secretary of the Party Committee of China Abrasives Import and Export Corporation, said that the companyâ€™s export earnings last year was 179 million U.S. dollars. The export value of January-April this year was 12 million U.S. dollars, which is only equivalent to the export value of last month, which was more than 80%.
In addition, some enterprises have reported that developed countries have increased their efforts to review the export of high-tech machine tools in China, prohibiting the export of high-end machine tools such as five-axis linkages and corresponding CNC systems to China. At the same time, for the CNC machines with universal grades, they will enter the competition. Recently, the exchange rate between the won and the Taiwan dollar has been depreciated. Their products can be sold at a large price, and the impact on the domestic market is growing. To this end, the company called on the government to pay attention to the dumping tendency of overseas machine tools and the possible impact of the future "10+3" agreement, and strive for a fair development environment for the domestic machine tool industry.
In contrast, in the foreign market, the American Machine Tool Distributors Association (AMTDA) and the American Manufacturing Technology Association (AMT) statistics, in January 2009, US machine tool consumption was US$94.95 million, a decrease of 59.2% from the previous month and a decrease of 71.9% from the same period last year. Figures from the Japan Machine Tool Industry Association show that in February 2009, the industry's output value fell by 84% year-on-year.
According to information released by the German Machine Tool Manufacturers Association (VDW) on February 26, the capacity utilization rate in January 2009 has dropped significantly, only 83%, and the losses suffered by ordinary and standard machine tool manufacturers are particularly serious. According to the German "Business Daily" reported on February 27, the German Machine Tool Manufacturers Association (VDW) chairman Welcker estimated that the industry's production shrinkage will exceed 15%. This estimate shows that the situation will further deteriorate. In Germany, the number of orders in the fourth quarter of 2008 decreased by 54% year-on-year. The most affected is the standard machine tools used in the automotive industry. The number of employed people in the German machine tool industry has decreased from 73,400 in October 2008 to about 67,000. The China Machine Tool Industry Association has just visited several countries in Eastern Europe in June, and the situation is very serious.
In addition, China's Taiwan machine tool export statistics show that from January to February 2009, the total export value of machine tools was 281 million US dollars, down 47.8%. Taiwan's machine tool industry, which is dominated by exports, is also caught in a deep dilemma.
how to respond?
At present, many industrial enterprises have begun to optimize the structure of export products. At the same time, they have done a lot of work to develop overseas markets. For example, the export delivery value of Qi Er Machine Tool Group Co., Ltd. from January to May 2009 was 78.23 million yuan, which was 205% of the same period last year. The export growth of the company mainly relies on the export of large and heavy-duty machine tools such as heavy-duty vertical vehicles to South Korea. Due to the lack of heavy-duty machine tool manufacturers in South Korea, such products just fill this gap; Beijing No. 1 Machine Tool Plant develops CNC machine tool exports, export delivery value 4623 10,000 yuan, compared with 218% in the same period of last year; Wuhan Heavy-duty Machine Tool Group's export of heavy-duty machine tools, export delivery value of 25.55 million yuan, an increase of 5.5%; Sichuan Changzheng Machine Tool Co., Ltd. exports high-end CNC machine tools to developed countries in Europe and America, export delivery value 10.29 million yuan, an increase of 7.5%; Tianjin Tianforging Press Company developed a composite press, exported to the United States, the momentum is very good, this year's export volume increased by 35%.
In addition to their own efforts, companies also hope that the government will provide support in promoting the export of products, such as the development of exporting high-tech products, especially the export of CNC machine tools, and the establishment of export bases to provide a broader and more powerful support; The financial support for the construction of service outlets provides convenient conditions for the examination and approval of overseas personnel; it provides support for participation expenses abroad, and supports the high-tech exhibits, especially the support for the participation of CNC machine tools and functional components.
Relevant experts suggest that under the current economic situation, enterprises should take advantage of the opportunities of international resources: for example, the world economic growth has slowed down markedly, causing the international energy and asset prices to fall, which has brought favorable conditions for China to develop and utilize overseas energy and improve scientific and technological strength; The crisis has brought tremendous pressure on a number of developed countries, put forward new requirements for reforming the traditional international financial system, and provided a favorable opportunity for China to strengthen international cooperation and seek more national interests. The financial crisis has made the foreign machine tool industry suffer more. The difficulties encountered are more and the market environment is more severe than that of China.
Therefore, in the face of the crisis, industry enterprises must objectively analyze and respond positively. Wu Bolin, executive vice president of China Machine Tool Industry Association, believes that the current industry should strive to improve the independent innovation capability, accelerate product structure adjustment, adjust industrial structure, technological transformation, and develop the market.
He believes that the crisis will breed new markets, and the crisis will accelerate institutional innovation and technological change. Changes in market demand require industry companies to respond positively. For the machine tool industry, improving the ability of scientific and technological innovation and adjusting the industrial structure and product structure are the top priorities of the current work. The machine tool industry must carefully summarize the experience and lessons of past industry development. The elites of the machine tool industry should make accurate judgments on the current economic situation and deeply consider the future development mode and growth model of the company.
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